Google , Facebook parent Meta Platforms Inc, Twitter and Apple face stricter European Commission (EU) online content rules, based on monthly user numbers published by the companies, which exceeded an EU threshold for big online platforms.
The new rules known as the Digital Services Act (DSA) label companies with more than 45 million users as very large online platforms and subject to obligations such as risk management and external and independent auditing.
They are also required to share data with authorities and researchers and adopt a code of conduct. The European Commission had given online platforms and search engines until 17 February to publish their monthly active users.
Very large online platforms have four months to comply with the rules or risk fines. Twitter said it has 100.9 million average monthly users in the EU, based on an estimation of the last 45 days.
It said the average monthly number of signed-in users totaled 278.6 million at Google Maps, 274.6 million at Google Play, 332 million at Google Search, 74.9 million at Shopping and 401.7 million at YouTube.
Apple said only its App Store built for its iPhones, with more than 45 million monthly users, qualifies as a very large online platform. But it will also apply the same rules to the App Store for iPads, Mac computers, Apple Watch and TV.
Earlier this week, Meta Platforms said it had 255 million average monthly active users on Facebook in the EU and about 250 million average monthly active users on Instagram in the last six months of 2022.